Climate, soil, sunlight and shade, local wine-growing and
winemaking traditions -- all of these have a profound effect on what
a wine will look, smell and taste like. Exploring wine is like travelling
with your palate.
South Africa enjoys a long tradition of winemaking, one that can now be
enjoyed by the rest of the world.
Wine has been made in the Americas for more than 500 years now, and wines
from both North and South America are really coming into their own.
With the oldest tradition if winemaking, going back to the ancient Greeks and
Roman, Europe offers some of the finest wines in the world.
Oceania (Australia, New Zealand)
There's more than thunder down under. Wines of New Zealand and Australia
are up and comers.
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Terms to Remember
Terroir refers to the unique combination of natural factors associated with
any particular vineyard. These factors include such things as soil,
underlying rock, altitude, slope of hill or terrain, orientation toward the sun,
and microclimate (typical rain, winds, humidity, temperature variations, etc.)
No two vineyards, not even in the same area, have exactly the same terroir.
A geographical term that identifies where the grapes for a wine are grown.
The rules that govern appellations vary from country to country. Bordeaux is
an example of a French wine appellation. Wine designated according to
appellation may be produced from blends of different grapes or sold as
Wine knowledge for the wine novice
For a complete list
of tasting and other
terms, see the